Alan Stein, MD, PhD, Stephanie Finnel, PhD, David Bankes, PharmD, BCGP, Huaichuan Jin, MS, Michael S. Awadalla, PharmD, BCGP, Joshua Johnson, PharmD, BCGP, Jacques Turgeon, BPharm, PhD
Objective: To evaluate the impact of pharmacist-delivered medication safety reviews (MSRs) on total medical expenditures, hospitalizations, emergency department (ED) visits, and mortality in Medicare Part D beneficiaries, whose plan was a participant of the Enhanced Medication Therapy Management model.
Study Design: Retrospective, pre-post, cohort study.
Methods: We evaluated the aforementioned outcomes for beneficiaries who were targeted, according to their MedWise Risk Scores (MRS), for MSR services in both 2018 and 2019. The “MSR” cohort included those who received their first-ever MSR in 2018 and received another MSR in 2019. The “failed to engage” (FTE) cohort included beneficiaries who were targeted in both 2018 and 2019 but did not engage in an MSR at any point through the end of 2019. For both cohorts, we calculated the change from 2018 to 2019 for each outcome and then determined whether unadjusted year-over-year changes differed significantly between cohorts. Additionally, these difference-in-differences (DiD) analyses were adjusted for baseline MRS and multimorbidity.
Results: A total of 11,436 beneficiaries were targeted for MSRs in both 2018 and 2019. Beneficiaries were, on average, aged 76.6 ± 10.0 years. The MSR cohort (N = 4384) outperformed the FTE cohort (N = 7052) in total medical costs (DiD = $958/y [7.5% savings]; P = .042), hospitalizations (DiD = 3.9 admissions/100 beneficiaries/y [10% reduction]; P = .032), ED visits (DiD = 6.2 visits/100 beneficiaries/y [10% reduction]; P = .014), and mortality (2.1% fewer died in 2019; P < .001). Each outcome remained significant after adjusting for baseline MRS and multimorbidity.
Conclusion: MSRs were effective at improving annual health care costs, hospitalizations, ED visits, and mortality in Medicare beneficiaries targeted according to MRS.Share this: